The crowns associated with Egypt included the Atef, the Deshret, the Hedjet and the Pshent. Headdresses include the Khepresh that was the blue crown that was worn in battle.
Facts about the Crowns of Egypt
The Crowns of Egypt Fact File
The Deshret Crown
The White Crown of Egypt:
The Hedjet Crown
The White Crown was called the Hedjet, the symbol that represented Upper Egypt (the South of Egypt)
The Pshent Crown
The Pshent combines the red and white Double Crown and represented a unified Egypt, a combination of the red crown and the white crown
The Atef Crown
The Atef crown was worn by Osiris, the god of death. It was a tall, conical, white crown with ostrich feathers on each side. The Atef was occasionally depicted topped with a gold disk and represented Upper Egypt. The plumed headdress is possibly a representation of the plumes of the sacred Bennu bird.
The Khepresh Crown
The Khepresh was the blue crown that was worn by Pharaohs in battle and featured the rearing cobra uraeus symbol on the front of the crown
The Uraeus was the rearing cobra emblem and symbol of the Pharaohs of Lower Egypt. The uraeus appears as a symbol worn on the royal crowns and nemes of Egypt and is also associated with the sun and with many Egyptian gods and goddessesThe Double Feathers:
The Shuti Crown
The Shuti, meaning the Two Feathers (divine law), consisted of two, tall ostrich or falcon feathers and often combined with ram horns, a Uraeus or a sun disk. This crown is worn by the creator god Heryshaf.
Double Plumed Crown
The Four Feathers Crown:
The four feathers crown was worn by the god Anhur the Egyptian god of war and patron of the Egyptian army and royal warriors.The Rush Crown:
The Hemhem Crown
The highly elaborate rush crown was constructed from a series of reeds and flanked by ostrich feathers. The Hemhem was the Triple Rush Crown that was worn tilted towards the back of the head. It is set on ram horns and flanked by ostrich feathers with sun disks and/or Uraeus. The Hemhem crown first appeared in the reign of Akhenaten and was connected to the sun and rebirth. Heka the god of magic was depicted wearing the Hemhem Crown
The Nemes was the striped head cloth worn by the pharaohs which was tied at the back of the head with lappets that fell down either side of the face. A lappet is a decorative flap or fold in a ceremonial headdress or garment.
Cow Horns Crown
Royal Vulture Crown
Royal Vulture Crown consisted of a falcon feather headdress with its wings spread round her head in the act of protection, adorned by a Uraeus.The Single Ostrich feather:
There was a belief that the heat of the sun caused ostrich eggs to hatch which was seen as a re-enactment of creation and made the ostrich a symbol of creation and light as worn by the God Shu. The Feather of Maat represented truth, order and justiceDiadems:
The Seshed headdress consisted of a metal headband to which a Uraeus was attached
The Khat or Afnet
The Khat or Afnet headdress was similar to the Nemes but made from a plain material like a kerchief and secured at the back under a head band, it did not have pleats or stripes
The Cap Crown
The Cap Crown is usually plain or decorated with horizontal lines or with circles. The Cap Crown bears the uraeus.
The modius was a type of flat-topped cylindrical headdress or crown of various sizes usually worn by queens or goddesses. A small modius was also used as a crown base for the headdresses of male and female godsThe Modius crown base:
A small modius was also used as a crown base for the headdresses of male and female gods
Feathers mounted on a modius crown base:
Crown of Anuket
The goddess Anuket, the "Mistress of Nubia" was worshipped outside Egypt in Africa and her crown resembles that of a type of headdress worn by an African chief
The Crowns of Egypt - The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The god Atum was usually depicted wearing the striped Nemes head cloth or the plain Khat headdress of a Pharaoh, and in this picture also wears the ceremonial 'Osird' beard. Beards with an upward pointing curl were called an “osird” or “the divine beard". Living pharaohs wore a beard with a straight edge. Only when they died could they wear the “osird”
The goddess Isis is usually depicted wearing an unusual step headdress which symbolizes the throne of Egypt.
The goddess Mut, the mother goddess wore the Pshent, the red and white double crown that represented a unified Egypt over a falcon feather headdress adorned by a Uraeus.
The god Nefertum is usually depicted wearing a Nemes headdress that is crowned by a depiction of a lotus flower, symbolizing Upper Egypt and the sun, healing and re-birth.
The goddess Maat is usually depicted with a long ostrich feather, as a symbol of truth, attached to a head band. The ostrich feather symbolized justice, balance and freedom.
The god Amun wears the Shuti, the crown of Two Feathers (divine law). He also wears the red crown
Facts about the Crowns of Egypt - The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
Ra, the Supreme Solar God is usually depicted with the head of the falcon and is wearing the nemes toped by a solar disk with a Uraeus, the rearing cobra emblem.
The goddess Nephthys wears a most unusual headdress. Her name meant 'Mistress of the House' and the headdress consists of a house topped by a basket.
The god Osiris wears the Atef crown and carries the attributes of his kingship of the Underworld
The peculiar symbol that crowns the goddess Selket represents a scorpion
The god Ptah wears the cap crown, which is usually depicted in blue which represented water, the sky, life, fertility and re-birth. It was often worn by the mourners of Osiris.
The goddess Hathor is associated with the solar disk and the horns of the cow. Her crown is also adorned with the Uraeus, the rearing cobra emblem.
The goddess Seshat, goddess of wisdom, knowledge, and writing wears an undetermined style of headdress, some believe it represents a star but most experts believe it represents a lotus flower, a water lily.