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Facts about Hapi
Hapi Profile & Fact File
Name: Hapi or Hep The names Hapy or Hapi refer to two unrelated Egyptian deities and their names have become interchangeable. To clarify:
Role of Hapi: The function of Hapi is described as being a Nile god associated with the fertilizing rich black mud called silt
Symbols: Androgynous representations, the papyrus reed and the lotus plant
Cult Center: The Elephantine Triad consisting of Khnum, Satet and Anuket were worshipped at Elephantine, an island in the River Nile at Aswan bordering northern Nubia. As Hapi was believed to bring the silt to the banks of the Nile he was also worshipped at Elephantine. He had a cult center at Gebel el-Silsila, 65 km north of Aswan
Titles: The titles of Hapi were the "Lord of the Fishes and Birds of the Marshes" and the "Lord of the River Bringing Vegetation"
Name in Hieroglyphics: Translation of Hieroglyphics for Hapi: A wick representing the letter H, the arm for a small letter 'a', reed stool, duality sign, and a water sign
Hapi or Hapy?
The Symbols of
Hapi - Appearance and Represenatations
Picture of Hapi with his symbols and attributes
The Symbols of
Hapi - The Lotus and the Papyrus Reed
Picture of Papyrus Reed
Picture of Lotus Flower
Lotus & Papyrus reed entwined
The Mythology of
Hapi and the Gods of the Elephantine Triad
The "Arrival of
The annual flooding of the Nile was referred to as the "Arrival of Hapi" and was celebrated with great festivals and river processions. Every year, Egyptian farmers would travel to his shrines at Elephantine and Aswan to pray for an adequate flood and a fresh supply of silt. Too little water would cause famine, and too much flood water would be equally disastrous by limiting the sowing of fresh crops.
Hapi in Egyptian Mythology
History, Mythology and Facts about Hapi
Fact 1: The Upper Egyptian Hapi was called 'Hap-Meht' while the Lower Egyptian Hapi was known as 'Hap-Reset'
Fact 2: Hapi was also mentioned in the Pyramid Texts as a destructive power against the enemies of Egypt and the pharaohs
Fact 3: Hapi was believed to have a retinue consisting of crocodile gods and frog goddesses
Fact 4: A great flood was known as a 'large Hapi', whilst a low flood was a 'small Hapi'.
Fact 6: During the reign of the 'heretic pharaoh' Akhenaten, the support for the god Hapi was so great that instead of being banished like other gods he was presented to the ancient Egyptians as an incarnation of the Aten.
Fact 7: Hapi was also given the title of the "maker of barley and wheat".