The crowns associated with Egypt included the Atef, the Deshret, the Hedjet and the Pshent. Headdresses include the Khepresh that was the blue crown that was worn in battle.
Facts about the Crowns of Egypt
The Crowns of Egypt Fact File
The Deshret Crown
The Hedjet Crown
White Crown was called the Hedjet, the symbol that
represented Upper Egypt (the South
The Pshent Crown
Pshent combines the red and white Double Crown and
represented a unified Egypt, a combination of the
red crown and the white crown
The Atef Crown
crown was worn by Osiris, the god of death. It was a
tall, conical, white crown with
ostrich feathers on each side. The
Atef was occasionally depicted
topped with a gold disk and
represented Upper Egypt. The plumed
headdress is possibly a
representation of the plumes of the
The Khepresh Crown
Khepresh was the blue crown that was worn by
Pharaohs in battle and featured the
rearing cobra uraeus symbol on the
front of the crown
The Uraeus was the rearing cobra emblem and symbol of the Pharaohs of Lower Egypt. The uraeus appears as a symbol worn on the royal crowns and nemes of Egypt and is also associated with the sun and with many Egyptian gods and goddessesThe Double Feathers:
The Shuti Crown
The Shuti, meaning the Two Feathers
(divine law), consisted of two, tall
ostrich or falcon feathers and often
combined with ram horns, a Uraeus or
a sun disk. This crown is worn by
the creator god
Double Plumed Crown
The Four Feathers Crown:
The four feathers crown was worn by the god Anhur the Egyptian god of war and patron of the Egyptian army and royal warriors.The Rush Crown:
The Hemhem Crown
The highly elaborate rush crown was constructed from
a series of reeds and flanked by
ostrich feathers. The Hemhem was the
Triple Rush Crown that was worn
tilted towards the back of the head.
It is set on ram horns and flanked
by ostrich feathers with sun disks
and/or Uraeus. The Hemhem crown
first appeared in the reign of
Akhenaten and was connected to the
sun and rebirth.
Heka the god of magic was
depicted wearing the Hemhem Crown
The Nemes was the striped head cloth
worn by the pharaohs which was tied
at the back of the head with lappets
that fell down either side of the
face. A lappet is a decorative flap
or fold in a ceremonial headdress or
Cow Horns Crown
Royal Vulture Crown
Royal Vulture Crown consisted of a falcon feather headdress with its wings spread round her head in the act of protection, adorned by a Uraeus.The Single Ostrich feather:
There was a belief that the heat of the sun caused ostrich eggs to hatch which was seen as a re-enactment of creation and made the ostrich a symbol of creation and light as worn by the God Shu. The Feather of Maat represented truth, order and justiceDiadems:
The Seshed headdress consisted of a
metal headband to which a Uraeus was
The Khat or Afnet
The Khat or Afnet headdress was
similar to the Nemes but made from a
plain material like a kerchief and
secured at the back under a head
band, it did not have pleats or
The Cap Crown
The Cap Crown is usually plain
or decorated with horizontal lines
or with circles. The Cap Crown
bears the uraeus.
The modius was a type of flat-topped cylindrical headdress or crown of various sizes usually worn by queens or goddesses. A small modius was also used as a crown base for the headdresses of male and female godsThe Modius crown base:
A small modius was also used as a crown base for the headdresses of male and female gods
Feathers mounted on a modius crown base:
Crown of Anuket
The goddess Anuket, the "Mistress of Nubia" was worshipped outside Egypt in Africa and her crown resembles that of a type of headdress worn by an African chief
The Crowns of Egypt - The Headdresses
& Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The god Atum was usually depicted wearing the striped Nemes head cloth or the plain Khat headdress of a Pharaoh, and in this picture also wears the ceremonial 'Osird' beard. Beards with an upward pointing curl were called an “osird” or “the divine beard". Living pharaohs wore a beard with a straight edge. Only when they died could they wear the “osird”
The goddess Isis is usually depicted wearing an unusual step headdress which symbolizes the throne of Egypt.
The goddess Mut, the mother goddess wore the Pshent, the red and white double crown that represented a unified Egypt over a falcon feather headdress adorned by a Uraeus.
The god Nefertum is usually depicted wearing a Nemes headdress that is crowned by a depiction of a lotus flower, symbolizing Upper Egypt and the sun, healing and re-birth.
The goddess Maat is usually depicted with a long ostrich feather, as a symbol of truth, attached to a head band. The ostrich feather symbolized justice, balance and freedom.
The god Amun wears the Shuti, the crown of Two Feathers (divine law). He also wears the red crown
Facts about the Crowns of Egypt - The
Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
Ra, the Supreme Solar God is usually depicted with the head of the falcon and is wearing the nemes toped by a solar disk with a Uraeus, the rearing cobra emblem.
The goddess Nephthys wears a most unusual headdress. Her name meant 'Mistress of the House' and the headdress consists of a house topped by a basket.
The god Osiris wears the Atef crown and carries the attributes of his kingship of the Underworld
The peculiar symbol that crowns the goddess Selket represents a scorpion
The god Ptah wears the cap crown, which is usually depicted in blue which represented water, the sky, life, fertility and re-birth. It was often worn by the mourners of Osiris.
The goddess Hathor is associated with the solar disk and the horns of the cow. Her crown is also adorned with the Uraeus, the rearing cobra emblem.
The goddess Seshat, goddess of wisdom, knowledge, and writing wears an undetermined style of headdress, some believe it represents a star but most experts believe it represents a lotus flower, a water lily.