Crowns of Egypt

Ancient Egypt for kids - Egyptian Crowns and Headdresses of Gods

The history the ancient Egyptians and the significance of the red, white and double crown of Egypt

Headdresses and Crowns of Egypt
Discover the history and religious beliefs surrounding the different types and styles of the crown of Egypt. The red, white and double crown of Egypt feature in many images, hieroglyphs, pictures and amulets found in ancient Egypt. The different styles of the royal crown of Egypt all had meanings, some were worn by the Pharaoh and others by the ancient Egyptian gods. The different types of crowns of Egypt represented status, power and authority of both the Egyptian Pharaohs and gods.

The crowns associated with Egypt included the Atef, the Deshret, the Hedjet and the Pshent. Headdresses include the Khepresh that was the blue crown that was worn in battle.

The Gods of Ancient Egypt Index

Egyptian Symbols & Signs

Facts about the Crowns of Egypt
The different crowns of Egypt are depicted in ancient Egyptian
Hieroglyphics, art, artefacts and relics. Examples of the crowns and headdresses can be found in the tombs, temples and manuscripts of the ancient Egyptians. The following fact File provides a fast overview of the different Crowns and Headdresses worn by the ancient Egyptians. Discover the names, a description and the significance and symbolism of the different styles of Headdresses and different types of Crowns of Egypt.

The Crowns of Egypt Fact File


The Red Crown of Egypt:

The Deshret Crown

Red Crown of Egypt


The Red Crown was called the Deshret and was the symbol that represented Lower Egypt (the North of Egypt)
 

The White Crown of Egypt:

The Hedjet Crown

White Crown was called the Hedjet

The White Crown was called the Hedjet, the symbol that represented Upper Egypt (the South of Egypt)
 

The Red and White Double Crown of Egypt:

The Pshent Crown

The Pshent was the red and white Double Crown

The Pshent combines the red and white Double Crown and represented a unified Egypt, a combination of the red crown and the white crown
 

The White Crown of Osiris:

The Atef Crown

The Atef crown was worn by Osiris, the god of death. It was a tall, conical, white crown with ostrich feathers on each side. The Atef was occasionally depicted topped with a gold disk and represented Upper Egypt. The plumed headdress is possibly a representation of the plumes of the sacred Bennu bird.
 

The Blue Crown of Egypt:

The Khepresh Crown

The Khepresh was the blue crown that was worn by Pharaohs in battle and featured the rearing cobra uraeus symbol on the front of the crown
 

The Rearing Cobra symbol:

The Uraeus

The Uraeus was the rearing cobra emblem and symbol of the Pharaohs of Lower Egypt. The uraeus appears as a symbol worn on the royal crowns and nemes of Egypt and is also associated with the sun and with many Egyptian gods and goddesses

The Double Feathers:

The Shuti Crown

Shuti Crown

The Shuti, meaning the Two Feathers (divine law), consisted of two, tall ostrich or falcon feathers and often combined with ram horns, a Uraeus or a sun disk. This crown is worn by the creator god Heryshaf.
 

The Amun Crown:

Double Plumed Crown

The Double Plumed, aka the Amun Crown, was another style of the Shuti and  consisted of double, tall feathers as worn by the god Amun and the falcon-headed god Menthu.

Amun Crown

The Four Feathers Crown:

Four Feathers


 

The four feathers crown was worn by the god Anhur the Egyptian god of war and patron of the Egyptian army and royal warriors.

The Rush Crown:

The Hemhem Crown

The Hemhem Crown

The highly elaborate rush crown was constructed from a series of reeds and flanked by ostrich feathers. The Hemhem was the Triple Rush Crown that was worn tilted towards the back of the head. It is set on ram horns and flanked by ostrich feathers with sun disks and/or Uraeus. The Hemhem crown first appeared in the reign of Akhenaten and was connected to the sun and rebirth. Heka the god of magic was depicted wearing the Hemhem Crown
 

The Striped Head cloth:

The Nemes

The Nemes was the striped head cloth worn by the pharaohs which was tied at the back of the head with lappets that fell down either side of the face. A lappet is a decorative flap or fold in a ceremonial headdress or garment.
 

Head Horns Crown:

Cow Horns Crown

The cow horns crown is worn by the cow goddesses Isis and Hathor, consisting of head horns in which a sun disk is set, a uraeus cobra symbol is often depicted.

Royal Vulture Crown:

Royal Vulture Crown

Royal Vulture Crown consisted of a falcon feather headdress with its wings spread round her head in the act of protection, adorned by a Uraeus. 

The Single Ostrich feather:

Ostrich feather


 

There was a belief that the heat of the sun caused ostrich eggs to hatch which was seen as a re-enactment of creation and made the ostrich a symbol of creation and light as worn by the God Shu. The Feather of  Maat represented truth, order and justice

Diadems:

The Seshed

Seshed
 

The Seshed headdress consisted of a metal headband to which a Uraeus was attached
 

Plain Head cloth:

The Khat or Afnet

 

The Khat or Afnet headdress was similar to the Nemes but made from a plain material like a kerchief and secured at the back under a head band, it did not have pleats or stripes
 

Cap Crown:

The Cap Crown

 

The  Cap Crown is usually plain or decorated with horizontal lines or with circles. The  Cap Crown bears the uraeus.
 

The Modius:

Modius

The modius was a type of flat-topped cylindrical headdress or crown of various sizes usually worn by queens or goddesses. A small modius was also used as a crown base for the headdresses of male and female gods

The Modius crown base:

Modius base

A small modius was also used as a crown base for the headdresses of male and female gods

Feathers mounted on a modius crown base:

Crown of Anuket


 

The goddess Anuket, the "Mistress of Nubia" was worshipped outside Egypt in Africa and her crown resembles that of a type of headdress worn by an African chief

African Headdress

The Crowns of Egypt -  The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt were also famous for their Crowns and Headdresses. The headdresses and crowns of the Egyptian gods as depicted on various forms of art allowed people to tell the deities apart. Many of the gods were strongly associated with the Pharaohs of Egypt and wore similar crowns. The headdresses and crowns of others reflected their attributes and powers. The following pictures provide information about some of these ancient gods and goddesses and the symbolism of their headdresses.

The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods

The god Atum was usually depicted wearing the striped Nemes head cloth or the plain Khat headdress of a Pharaoh, and in this picture also wears the ceremonial 'Osird' beard. Beards with an upward pointing curl were called an “osird” or “the divine beard". Living pharaohs wore a beard with a straight edge. Only when they died could they wear the “osird”

The goddess Isis is usually depicted wearing an unusual step headdress which symbolizes the throne of Egypt.

The goddess Mut, the mother goddess wore the Pshent, the red and white double crown that represented a unified Egypt over a falcon feather headdress adorned by a Uraeus. 

The god Nefertum is usually depicted wearing a Nemes headdress that is crowned by a depiction of a lotus flower, symbolizing Upper Egypt and the sun, healing and re-birth.

The goddess Maat is usually depicted with a long ostrich feather, as a symbol of truth, attached to a head band. The ostrich feather symbolized justice, balance and freedom.

The god Amun wears the Shuti, the crown of Two Feathers (divine law). He also wears the red crown

Facts about the Crowns of Egypt -  The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods
The pictures and images provide facts and interesting information about some of the ancient gods and goddesses and the symbolism of their crowns and headdresses.

The Headdresses & Crowns of the Egyptian Gods

Ra, the Supreme Solar God is usually depicted with the head of the falcon and is wearing the nemes toped by a solar disk with a Uraeus, the rearing cobra emblem.

The goddess Nephthys wears a most unusual headdress. Her name meant 'Mistress of the House' and the headdress consists of a house topped by a basket.

The god Osiris wears the Atef crown and carries the attributes of his kingship of the Underworld

The peculiar symbol that crowns the goddess Selket represents a scorpion

The god Ptah wears the cap crown, which is usually depicted in blue which represented water, the sky, life, fertility and re-birth. It was often worn by the mourners of Osiris.

The goddess Hathor is associated with the solar disk and the horns of the cow. Her crown is also adorned with the Uraeus, the rearing cobra emblem.

The goddess Seshat, goddess of wisdom, knowledge, and writing wears an undetermined style of headdress, some believe it represents a star but most experts believe it represents a lotus flower, a water lily.

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